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Wednesday, August 25, 2010

MYSQL: slow queries log

MySQL has built-in functionality that allows you to log SQL queries to a file , You can enable the full SQL queries logs to a file or only slow running queries log. It is easy for us to troubleshoot/ debug the sql statement if SQL queries log enable , The slow query log is used to find queries that take a long time to execute and are therefore candidates for optimization.

To enable you just need to add some lines to your my.cnf file, and restart. Add the following:

* To enable slow Query Log only

log-slow-queries = /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log
long_query_time = 1

After enabling slow query, mysqld writes a statement to the slow query log file and it consists of all SQL statements that took more than long_query_time seconds to execute. The time to acquire the initial table locks is not counted as execution time. mysqld only log after SQL statements has been executed and after all locks have been released, so log order might be different from execution order. The minimum and default values of long_query_time are 1 and 10, respectively.

* To enable full Log Query

log=/var/log/mysqldquery.log

The above will log all queries to the log file.

Selecting Queries to Optmize
The slow query log
– Logs all queries that take longer than long_query_time
– Can also log all queries that don’t use indexes with
--log-queries-not-using-indexes
– To log slow administatve commands use
--log-slow-admin-statements
– To analyze the contents of the slow log use

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